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Gym Dictionary: Ca - Dz

What are they talking about?

We’ve been assembling a list of gym terms, gym speak and other gym related words and expressions for a few years now. The list is far from complete but we add a few more things weekly. If there is a term, or miuscle or any other form of lingo that makes you feel awkward or confused, then this is a good place to look for what it actually means.

From A to Z we may have the gym

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Aa - Az .. Ba - Bz .. Ca - Cz Ea - Fz .. Ga - Iz .. Ja - Nz .. Oa - Pz Qa - Sq .. Sr - Tz .. Ua - Zz
Cachexia General ill health and malnutrition, marked by weakness and emaciation, usually associated with serious disease. Calorie The amount of energy necessary to raise one liter or water one degree celsius. A bodybuilder's maintenance level of calories can be calculated relatively easily, then either a caloric deficit (to lose body fat), or caloric surplus (to gain muscle mass) can be initiated. The calorie content of most foods are listed on the back of packaging. Cambered Curling Bar See E - Z Curl Bar Carbohydrate A molecule composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen. It serves as the body's primary short - term fuel source. Cardiac Muscle A special type of striated muscle of the heart. Cardiac muscle is an exception among involuntary muscles, which are characteristically smooth. Its contractile fibers resemble those of skeletal muscles but are not as large in diameter. The connective tissue of cardiac muscle is sparser than that of skeletal muscle. Cardiorespiratory Fitness Physical fitness of the heart, circulatory system, and lungs indicative of good aerobic fitness. Catabolic Chemical reactions in the body where larger units are broken down into smaller subunits. As an example, muscle tissue may be broken down into protein strands which, in turn, may be cleaved into individual amino acids. Cheating A method of pushing a muscle to keep it working far past the point of temporary muscular failure. In cheating, you will use a self - administered body swing, jerk, or otherwise poor form once you have reached temporary muscular failure to take some pressure off the muscles being used primarily in the movement and allow them to continue for a few more reps. Word of advice: Save cheating for the last set of an exercise. Chinning Bar A horizontal bar attached high on the wall or gym ceiling on which you can do chins, hanging leg raises, and other movements for your upper body. Cholesterol A type of fat manufactured within the body but more often ingested from fatty animal - source foods like beef, pork, eggs, and milk products. Over the long term cholesterol can clog arteries and other blood vessels, leading to stroke or heart attack. Circuit Training A special form of bodybuilding through which you can simultaneously increase aerobic conditioning, muscle mass, and strength. In circuit training you will plan a series of 10 to 20 exercises in a circuit around the gym. The exercises chosen should stress all parts of the body. These movements are performed with an absolute minimum of rest between exercises. At the end of a circuit a rest interval of two to five minutes is taken before going through the circuit again. Three to give circuits would constitute a circuit - training program. Clip The clamp used to hold plates securely in place on a barbell or dumbbell bar. The cylindrical metal clamps are held in place on the bar by means of a set screw threaded through the collar and tightened securely against the bar. Inside collars keep the plates from sliding inward and injuring your hands, while outside collars keep plates from sliding off the barbell in the middle of an exercise. Cocktailing Slang term used by athletes to refer to the practice of taking as many different performance - enhancing drugs as possible. Collar See lip Cool Down If you've done a fast - paced workout, complete the workout with five minutes of slow aerobic activity. This cool down will give your pulse, blood pressure and breathing a chance to slow down. You can also end a weight training session with an easy set using a light weight, or some light stretching. Compound Movements Compound movements are any of a series of bodybuilding exercises which are very basic and nature, and in many cases increase the levels of growth hormone in the body. Basic examples of compound movements are deadlifts, squats, and the barbell bench press. Concentric Contraction When a muscle fiber develops sufficient tension to overcome a resistance so that the muscle visibly shortens and moves a body part against a resistance, it is said to be in concentric contraction. When you curl a dumbbell, the biceps muscle contracts concentrically. The resistance is the combined weight of the forearm and the dumbbell, and the source of resistance is the gravitational pull. Creatine An important nitrogenous compound produced by metabolic processes in the body. Combined with phosphorus, it forms high energy phosphate. In normal metabolic reactions the phosphorous is yielded to combine with a molecule of adenosine diphosphate to produce a molecule of very high energy adenosine triphosphate. Creatine Kinase An enzyme in muscle, brain, and other tissues that catalyzes the transfer of a phosphate group from adenosine triphosphate to creatine, producing adenosine diphosphate and phosphocreatine. Cross Training The participation in two or more sports that can improve performance in each and help achieve a higher level of fitness. For example, weight training and football. Curved Short Bar Some of these are U - shaped and some are V - shaped. Both of them are used frequently for triceps exercises, but other exercises are also possible with them. Cut A term used to denote a bodybuilder who has an extremely high degree of muscular definition due to a low degree of body fat. Cut Up See Cut above Definition The absence of fat over clearly delineated muscle masses. Definition is often referred to as "muscularity", and a highly defined bodybuilder has so little body fat that very fine grooves of muscularity called "striations" will be clearly visible over each major muscle group. Dehydration Biological state where the body has insufficient water levels for proper functioning. As the human body is over 90 percent water, athletes must continuously replenish the water lost during intense exercise. Deltoid Muscle The deltoid muscle is used in all side lifting movements and any movement of the humerus on the scapula. Density Muscle hardness, which is also related to muscular definition. A bodybuilder can be well - defined and still have excess fat within each major muscle complex. But when has or she has muscle density, even this intramuscular fat has been eliminated. A combination of muscle mass and muscle density is highly prized among all competitive bodybuilders. Dip Word used to refer to the negative motion of a bench press exercise (intentional or otherwise). When an individual reaches the point of temporary muscular failure, the bar may "dip" (drop unintentionally) until the time at which the spotter realizes assistance is needed and helps the trainee raise the bar to the rack. Dipping Bars Parallel Bars set high enough above the floor to allow you to do dips between them, leg raises for your abdominals, and a variety of other exercises. Some gyms have dipping bars that are angled inward at one end; these can be used when changing your grip width on dips. Dips Dips are performed on an apparatus resembling two parallel bars, 3 to 4 feet high. This exercise is great for the chest and triceps. Diuretics Class of drugs used by athletes to decrease water conservation. Bodybuilders use diuretics to increase muscular definition and separation. Unfortunately, besides fluid loss, diuretics also flush life - sustaining electrolytes from the body. Dorsiflexion Moving the top of the foot upward and toward the shin. Dumbbell A dumbbell is a short handed barbell (usually 10 to 12 inches in length) intended primarily for use with one in each hand. Dumbbells are especially valuable when training the arms and shoulders but can be used to build up almost any muscle.
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