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Gym Dictionary: Qa - Sp

What are they talking about?

We’ve been assembling a list of gym terms, gym speak and other gym related words and expressions for a few years now. The list is far from complete but we add a few more things weekly. If there is a term, or miuscle or any other form of lingo that makes you feel awkward or confused, then this is a good place to look for what it actually means.

From A to Z we may have the gym

term you want to look up …

Aa - Az .. Ba - Bz .. Ca - Cz Ea - Fz .. Ga - Iz .. Ja - Nz .. Oa - Pz Qa - Sq .. Sr - Tz .. Ua - Zz
Quadratus Lumborum Muscle The quadratus lumborum or QL is a common cause of back pain which is to one side and comes on after lifting or twisting. Quality Training A type of workout used just prior to a competition in which the lengths of rest intervals between sets are progressively reduced to increase overall training intensity and to help further define the physique. Recovery Cycle The process between workouts during which the body flushes out fatigue toxins, restores muscle glycogen, repairs itself, and increases in hypertrophy. The length of this cycle varies from as little as 48 hours to as much as one full week, and perhaps more. Recovery is enhanced by sufficient sleep and proper nutrition. Rectus Abdominis Muscle Rectus Abdominis is the most superficial of the abdominal muscles. It is this muscle which forms the six-pack shape! Rectus Femoris Muscle The Rectus Femoris muscle is part of the Quadriceps muscle group. It is the only muscle of the group which crosses the hip joint and so it flexes the hip whilst extending the knee. Rep The abbreviation of Repetition: This term, which takes on the short form, rep, refers to a single rendition of an exercise. For example, if your curl a barbell through the entire range of motion once, you have completed one repetition (rep) of the movement. Repetition This term, which takes on the short form, rep, refers to a single rendition of an exercise. For example, if your curl a barbell through the entire range of motion once, you have completed one repetition (rep) of the movement. Resistance The actual amount of weight you are using in any exercise. Rest Interval The brief pause lasting between 30 seconds to two minutes, and in some cases even longer, which occurs between sets to allow your body to partially recuperate prior to initiating the succeeding set. Reverse Anorexia See Muscle Dismorphia Rhomboid Muscle There are two rhomboid muscles - Rhomboid Major and Rhomboid Minor. Rhomboid major is larger and positioned below rhomboid minor. Ripped See Cut Roid Rage Popular name given to the uncontrolled outburst of anger and violence exhibited by anabolic steroid users. Despite never being proven by the medical community, the term is continuously exaggerated by the mainstream media. Rope This attachment is used on a cable machine, and is commonly used for exercises such as rope pulls, or triceps pushdowns. Routine The term routine is very broad, and encompasses virtually every aspect of what you do in one weight lifting session, including the type of equipment you use, the number of exercises, sets, and repetitions you perform; the order in which you do the exercises; and how much rest you take between sets. You can change the factors within your routine to change your results. Sartorius Muscle The Sartorius is a two joint muscle and so is weak when the knee is flexed and the hip is flexed at the same time. It works better during single movements. Saturated Fatty Acids Fat molecules that do not have double bonds between their carbon atoms and are usually solid at room temperature. Saturated fats are considered to play a major role in the development of cardiovascular disease. Semi-vegetarian Not a true vegetarian diet; based primarily on plant foods but occasionally including lean, nonred meat. Semimembranosus Muscle Semimembranosus is the most medial of the three hamstring muscles. It extends and internally rotates the hip and flexes the knee. Semitendinosus Muscle The semitendinosus muscle extends and internally rotates the hip as well as flexing the knee. Serratus Anterior Muscle The Serratus Anterior muscle is used in activities which draw the scapula forwards. It is used strongly in push-ups and bench presses. Set A set is a group of consecutive repetitions that are performed without resting. When you have completed 8 repetitions of bench press, and have reached temporary muscular failure or put the weights down, you have completed one set. See also Working Set Shoes Shoes act to stabilize your balance and improve your balance in training. The design of shoes varies depending on their use, whether it is for running, or outdoor recreational activities, or simply day to day wear. The main quality of shoes, no matter which you choose, is support. Solid, thick soled shoes with good arch support are the best you can choose. Shotgunning See Megadosing Sleeve The hollow metal tube that fits over the bar on most exercise barbell and dumbbell sets. This sleeve makes it easier for the bar to rotate in your hands as you perform an exercise. Slow Twitch Muscle Fibers Red muscle fibers that contract slowly, weakly, and continually for long periods of time. Slow - twitch fibers are developed by light, high - rep weight workouts. Smith Machine Another name for a brand of Nautilus machines at the gym which are used to add variety to workouts. They offer many disadvantages, but normally, free weights are preferred. Smooth Muscle One of two kinds of muscle, composed of elongated spindle - shaped cells in muscles not under voluntary control, such as the smooth muscle of the intestines, stomach, and other visceral organs. The heart muscle is an exception because it is a striated involuntary muscle. Smooth muscle fibers are shorter than striated muscle fibers and are smooth in appearance. Known also as involuntary muscle of unstriated muscle. Snake Oil This is a general term used to describe any supplement or concoction that doesn't give the same degree of results as claimed by its advertisers. It originated with traveling carnivals back in the 1800s. Soleus Muscle Soleus is a large large muscle, deep to Gastrocnemius. Together the Gastrocnemius, Soleus and Plantaris are known as Triceps Surae. Somatotype The classification of individuals according to body build based on certain physical characteristics. The primary types are ectomorph, mesomorph, and endomorph. Splenius Muscle Splenius is often divided into two muscles, splenius capitus (those fibres which insert on the skull) and splenius cervicis (those that insert onto the cervical transverse processes of the spine). Split Routine A program in which the body is divided into segments and trained more than three times per week, as most beginners do. The most basic split routine is done four days per week. The most popular type of split routine happens by dividing the body into three parts which are done over three consecutive days, followed by a rest day and a repeat of the routine on day five. This is called a three - on / one - off split. Spotters Training partners who stand by to act as safety helpers when you perform heavy lifts in bench press, or squats, as well as other exercises. If you reach the point of temporary muscular failure, your spotter can help you lift the weight up in order to complete the range of motion safely. It is especially important to have a spotter when you are attempted one - rep maximums (1RM).
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